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gods-penny gods-penny

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God's penny, n.  http://www.oed.com/view/Entry/79694?
Pronunciation:  Brit. /ˌɡɒdz ˈpɛni/  U.S. /ˌɡɑdz ˈpɛni/
Forms: 
α. ME Goddes peny, ME Godes peny, 15 Goddes penny, 15 Goddes penye, 16 Godes penny, 16 Gods penie, 16 Gods penny, 16 18– Godspenny (now chiefly hist.), 16–18 God's-penny, 18 Gods-penny, 18– God's penny; also Sc. pre-17 Goddis penny, pre-17 Godds peny, pre-17 Godispenny, pre-17 Gods penne, pre-17 Gods pennie.
β. 18 God-penny, 19– Godpenny.
Also with lower-case initial.(Show Less)
Frequency (in current use):  
Origin: Formed within English, by compounding. Etymons: god n.penny n.
Etymology: < the genitive of god n. (compare god n. and int. Compounds 2) + penny n., so called on account of being originally devoted to some religious or charitable purpose.
 
Compare Middle Dutch godspenninc (Dutch godspenning), Middle Low German gōdespenninc, Middle High German gotesphenning (German Gottespfennig), Old Swedish guds pänninger (Swedish guds pänning), early modern Danish gudzpenningh. Compare also post-classical Latin denarium dei (from c1250 in British sources), Anglo-Norman dener a deu (c1300), and also Middle French, French denier à Dieu (1344), post-classical Latin argentum dei (from 1275 in British sources), Anglo-Norman argent dieu (c1300).
Attested earlier as a surname: Richard Godespeny (1248), Thomas Godespeny (1252), Virgilius Godespeny (1320).
 
N.E.D. (1900) gives the stress as ˈGod's ˌpenny.
(Show Less)
 1.
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 a. A small sum paid as an initial instalment on striking a bargain, esp. on concluding a purchase or the hiring of a servant. Cf. arles-penny n.earnest penny n.   Now Eng. regional(Yorks.) and hist.fig. in quot. 1340.

 
In quot. 1885: a rebate given on making a payment.
1340   Ayenbite (1866) 91 (MED)   Þe loue of herte, þet is þe godes peny huer-mide me bayþ alle þe guodes of þe wordle.
1490   in J. D. Marwick Extracts Rec. Burgh Edinb. (1869) I. 59   That the thesaurer of the towne..proffer a goddis penny and bye the same [vittaillis or tymmer] vpoun a competent pryce.
1530   J. Palsgrave Lesclarcissement 586/2   Holde forthe thy hande, take an ernest penny or a Goddes penny [Fr. vng denier en arres or vng denier a Dieu].
1603   G. Owen Descr. Penbrokshire (1891) 190   Savinge onelie in earnest peny at the bargaine makinge wch the plaine men called a gods penie.
1609   J. Skene tr. Stat. Gild in Regiam Majestatem 144   Gif any man buyes Hering..and hes given Gods pennie, or silver in arles [etc.].
1625   in N. Riding Rec. (1885) III. ii. 254   His wife had formerly hired the said woman and given her a Godes penny.
1662   S. Pepys Diary 23 Sept. (1970) III. 204   In both which places, at the making all contracts and bargains they give so much, which they call God's-penny.
1774   T. West Antiq. Furness vi. 122   The tenants who paid provisions to the abbey, paid no fine upon their admittance, except only the God's-penny.
1808   Specimens Yorksh. Dial. (new ed.) 4   Ah'd a Gods-penny at Stowseley market.
1855   F. K. Robinson Gloss. Yorks. Words 73   Godspenny, earnest money, generally half-a-crown given to a servant when hired.
1885   Law Jrnl. Rep. 54 136/1   The legal effect was to be as if the whole was paid down and a portion thrown back as a God's-penny.
1928   A. E. Pease Dict. Dial. N. Riding Yorks.   God's penny, earnest-money, the actual coin which the master pays on concluding the hiring of a servant.
1933   Speculum 8 287   Besides the primo costo there were God's penny, transportation charges..storage, tips, and so on.
1983   Amer. Jrnl. Legal Hist. 27 336   A defendant had accepted a god's penny or was party to a bond of indenture.
2002   A. Kellett Yorks. Dict. (ed. 2)    God's penny, small sum paid at a hiring fair.
(Hide quotations)
 
 

b. fig. Obs.


1602   R. Tyrie 5 Godlie Serm. 26   Admitting them his tenants by giuing them the Gods penny or earnest pennie of his spirit.
1625   I. B. Psalme of Mercy vii. 147   This ioy..is not the pawne or pledge..but the earnest, or Godspenny (which continues still with the receiuer) of a farre greater ioy heereafter.
1816   C. Sharp Hist. Hartlepool 81   Will..gave him a hearty box on the ear—saying, ‘there's a godspenny for thee; I think thou'lt ken auld Will Lambton again!’
(Hide quotations)
 
Categories »
 

2. nonce-use. A broker's commission. Obs.


1480   Table Prouffytable Lernynge (Caxton) (1964) 40   Olyuer the brocour wynneth by brocorage with one goddes peny [Fr. a vng denier a dieu] twenty pound or thyrty.
(Hide quotations)
 
Thesaurus »
Categories »
 

 3. A penny or small sum given in charity. Now rare.


1550   R. Crowley One & Thyrtye Epigrammes sig. Biiiv   Go fyll me thys quarte pot, full to the brynke, The tonge muste haue bastynge it wyll the better wagge, To pull a goddes penye out of a churles bagge.
1846   J. L. Hilpert Englisch-Deutsches und Deutsch-Englisches Wörterbuch II. 483/1   God's-penny [given to the poor].
1888   Sheffield & Rotherham Independent 30 Jan.   During the evening, Mr. R. G. Smith..presented to each member of the class ‘a silver God-penny’..which, coming unexpectedly, was received with the greater pleasure.
1967   Times 23 Dec. 21/2   Although alms boxes now invite contributions for many purposes the most universal appeal in days gone by was ‘God's penny’ for the poor.
God's penny, n.  http://www.oed.com/view/Entry/79694?
Pronunciation:  Brit. /ˌɡɒdz ˈpɛni/  U.S. /ˌɡɑdz ˈpɛni/
Forms: 
α. ME Goddes peny, ME Godes peny, 15 Goddes penny, 15 Goddes penye, 16 Godes penny, 16 Gods penie, 16 Gods penny, 16 18– Godspenny (now chiefly hist.), 16–18 God's-penny, 18 Gods-penny, 18– God's penny; also Sc. pre-17 Goddis penny, pre-17 Godds peny, pre-17 Godispenny, pre-17 Gods penne, pre-17 Gods pennie.
β. 18 God-penny, 19– Godpenny.
Also with lower-case initial.(Show Less)
Frequency (in current use):  
Origin: Formed within English, by compounding. Etymons: god n.penny n.
Etymology: < the genitive of god n. (compare god n. and int. Compounds 2) + penny n., so called on account of being originally devoted to some religious or charitable purpose.
 
Compare Middle Dutch godspenninc (Dutch godspenning), Middle Low German gōdespenninc, Middle High German gotesphenning (German Gottespfennig), Old Swedish guds pänninger (Swedish guds pänning), early modern Danish gudzpenningh. Compare also post-classical Latin denarium dei (from c1250 in British sources), Anglo-Norman dener a deu (c1300), and also Middle French, French denier à Dieu (1344), post-classical Latin argentum dei (from 1275 in British sources), Anglo-Norman argent dieu (c1300).
Attested earlier as a surname: Richard Godespeny (1248), Thomas Godespeny (1252), Virgilius Godespeny (1320).
 
N.E.D. (1900) gives the stress as ˈGod's ˌpenny.
(Show Less)
 1.
Thesaurus »
Categories »
 

 a. A small sum paid as an initial instalment on striking a bargain, esp. on concluding a purchase or the hiring of a servant. Cf. arles-penny n.earnest penny n.   Now Eng. regional(Yorks.) and hist.fig. in quot. 1340.

 
In quot. 1885: a rebate given on making a payment.
1340   Ayenbite (1866) 91 (MED)   Þe loue of herte, þet is þe godes peny huer-mide me bayþ alle þe guodes of þe wordle.
1490   in J. D. Marwick Extracts Rec. Burgh Edinb. (1869) I. 59   That the thesaurer of the towne..proffer a goddis penny and bye the same [vittaillis or tymmer] vpoun a competent pryce.
1530   J. Palsgrave Lesclarcissement 586/2   Holde forthe thy hande, take an ernest penny or a Goddes penny [Fr. vng denier en arres or vng denier a Dieu].
1603   G. Owen Descr. Penbrokshire (1891) 190   Savinge onelie in earnest peny at the bargaine makinge wch the plaine men called a gods penie.
1609   J. Skene tr. Stat. Gild in Regiam Majestatem 144   Gif any man buyes Hering..and hes given Gods pennie, or silver in arles [etc.].
1625   in N. Riding Rec. (1885) III. ii. 254   His wife had formerly hired the said woman and given her a Godes penny.
1662   S. Pepys Diary 23 Sept. (1970) III. 204   In both which places, at the making all contracts and bargains they give so much, which they call God's-penny.
1774   T. West Antiq. Furness vi. 122   The tenants who paid provisions to the abbey, paid no fine upon their admittance, except only the God's-penny.
1808   Specimens Yorksh. Dial. (new ed.) 4   Ah'd a Gods-penny at Stowseley market.
1855   F. K. Robinson Gloss. Yorks. Words 73   Godspenny, earnest money, generally half-a-crown given to a servant when hired.
1885   Law Jrnl. Rep. 54 136/1   The legal effect was to be as if the whole was paid down and a portion thrown back as a God's-penny.
1928   A. E. Pease Dict. Dial. N. Riding Yorks.   God's penny, earnest-money, the actual coin which the master pays on concluding the hiring of a servant.
1933   Speculum 8 287   Besides the primo costo there were God's penny, transportation charges..storage, tips, and so on.
1983   Amer. Jrnl. Legal Hist. 27 336   A defendant had accepted a god's penny or was party to a bond of indenture.
2002   A. Kellett Yorks. Dict. (ed. 2)    God's penny, small sum paid at a hiring fair.
(Hide quotations)
 
 

b. fig. Obs.


1602   R. Tyrie 5 Godlie Serm. 26   Admitting them his tenants by giuing them the Gods penny or earnest pennie of his spirit.
1625   I. B. Psalme of Mercy vii. 147   This ioy..is not the pawne or pledge..but the earnest, or Godspenny (which continues still with the receiuer) of a farre greater ioy heereafter.
1816   C. Sharp Hist. Hartlepool 81   Will..gave him a hearty box on the ear—saying, ‘there's a godspenny for thee; I think thou'lt ken auld Will Lambton again!’
(Hide quotations)
 
Categories »
 

2. nonce-use. A broker's commission. Obs.


1480   Table Prouffytable Lernynge (Caxton) (1964) 40   Olyuer the brocour wynneth by brocorage with one goddes peny [Fr. a vng denier a dieu] twenty pound or thyrty.
(Hide quotations)
 
Thesaurus »
Categories »
 

 3. A penny or small sum given in charity. Now rare.

1550   R. Crowley One & Thyrtye Epigrammes sig. Biiiv   Go fyll me thys quarte pot, full to the brynke, The tonge muste haue bastynge it wyll the better wagge, To pull a goddes penye out of a churles bagge.
1846   J. L. Hilpert Englisch-Deutsches und Deutsch-Englisches Wörterbuch II. 483/1   God's-penny [given to the poor].
1888   Sheffield & Rotherham Independent 30 Jan.   During the evening, Mr. R. G. Smith..presented to each member of the class ‘a silver God-penny’..which, coming unexpectedly, was received with the greater pleasure.
1967   Times 23 Dec. 21/2   Although alms boxes now invite contributions for many purposes the most universal appeal in days gone by was ‘God's penny’ for the poor.
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